Definitions in All Things
Bio-availablity – the rate at which a substance is absorbed into and delivered to the body system. Cannabinoids are fat soluble, and like other fat soluble vitamins, work better with other fatty acids present, such as MCT oil. MCT oil helps increase the bio-availability a full spectrum hemp extract.
Cannabis – A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species, designating a group of species that are presumed to be closely related, which exhibit similar characteristics, including a vast array of cannabinoids found on all of the various strains. These cannabinoids were named after the genus, as they are not found on any other plants. This plant genus includes two known species of common interest, Cannabis Sativa (also known as "Hemp") and Cannabis Indica (also known as "Marijuana".) This relationship is why Hemp and Marijuana are often confused. Both Hemp and Marijuana are annuals (they only last one season), dioecious (they have a distinct male and female version of the plant) with a fast growth cycle (4 months is typical) and all species have flowers that are cannabinoid rich and covered in trichomes (hair like structures.) Hemp is simply the industrial name for any Cannabis species with no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight (this number was arbitrarily assigned one man in Canada: Read more by clicking here. There are over 500 identifiable elements, molecules or compounds that make up the Cannabis plant, including over 113 identifiable cannabinoids.
Carrier oil – an oil that is safe in larger quantities for topical or internal applications, and used to deliver much more potent oils that are harder to dose and deliver on their own. Carrier oils are used to dilute and evenly distribute more potent oils into the body safely and more consistently. We use MCT oil as a carrier oil.
Cannabinoids – a class of diverse chemical compounds found to interact in humans and animals, and it does this through the endocannabinoid system. There are at least 113 known cannabinoids to date. Cannabinoids can be synthesized by our bodies (called endocannabinoids,) found in plants like cannabis (called phytocannabinoids), and can even be synthesized now by science. CBD, CBDa, CBDv, CBG, CBC, CBN, & THC are all cannabinoids.
Cannabidiol - also known as CDB for short. A specific cannabinoid that has shown it somehow works to improve homeostasis in the body, either by increasing natural endocannabinoids or by having its own interaction with the endocannabinoid system.
Efficacy – the effectiveness. The rate at which something works.
Endocannabinoids – lipid based neuro-transmitting compounds that are naturally produced inside of our bodies. Our pets produce these too, along with birds, fish, reptiles, and other mammals. These endocannabinoids bind to our cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) in our Endocannabinoid System.
Endocannabinoid system (ECS) – the system by which cannabinoids are accepted and utilized in our bodies. The ECS is found all over our body, with their receptors (CB1 and CB2) found in many of our organs including the brain and reproductive tract. These receptors are like locks, where only a certain shaped key can deliver information into surrounding cells and tissue. Research suggests that the ECS controls multiple states of consciousness. For example, sleep-wake cycles, emotions, pain perception, attention and other important neuro-biological processes. That the ECS behaves as a bridge between natural “mind-body” healing. Essentially it is a chemical communication system with a goal of maintaining homeostasis. Some scientists believe the endocannabinoid system developed over 600 million years ago in the animal kingdom.
Entourage Effect – the sum of all parts leads to a greater whole. One source helps another, and together they achieve a greater response of effectiveness. This occurs with a full spectrum hemp extract, by the effect of the sum of its' parts... essential vitamins, minerals, proteins, fatty acids, terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids.
Extraction – the process of removing a part from the whole. To create a hemp extract, a solvent is often used to remove the parts from the plant or flowers. These solvents are often chemically based like butane, isopropyl alcohol, hexane, or ethanol, of which trace chemicals can be found in the final product without extra steps to remove them. Carbon Dioxide, CO2, (also known as dry ice) can also be used as a solvent, by fractionating out all of the plants components and delivering a clean, unaltered, and consistent product, as it turns back into a gas and is released from the extract completely.
Extract – a concentrate version of the original source, typically a thicker substance that can be harder to dose in small quantities.
Flavonoids – these are found in all plants, which are known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits, as well as are involved in the UV filtration, nitrogen fixation and the floral pigmentation of flowers. Interestingly, flavonoids are found in higher quantities in foods like parsley, onions, blueberries, other berries, black, green and oolong tea, bananas, citrus fruits, red wine and cocoa (>70%); foods that have all been touted as being good for our health.
Fractionate - the term used when a liquid solvent is used to pull parts (fractions) from it's whole.
Homeostasis – the tendency for auto-regulation of the internal environments to be maintained, even when external forces are pushing against these environments. Think of regulating your body temperature. We don’t actually think about keeping our temperature a constant, nor do we think about how often we need to beat our own heart, providing blood and oxygen to all of our cells. Our bodies auto-regulate these things and keep us in homeostasis. CBD has been shown to play a role in helping maintain homeostasis.
Phytonutrients – Phyto simply means plant; phytonutrients are simply plant food that can contain thousands of natural chemicals that our bodies use as nutrients. We eat phytonutrients when we eat plant foods.
Phytocannabinoids – Cannabinoids are a group of at least 88 biologically active compounds, which are found on the Cannabis plant, which was named after the cannabinoids themselves, one its major defining properties. Phyto simply means plant, so phytocannabinoids are specifically cannabinoids made by a plant. There are also natural forms of cannabinoids called endocannabinoids and synthetic forms of cannabinoids that can be manufactured.
Phytoremediation – the process of plants or trees removing unwanted toxins, chemicals, heavy metals, radioactive materials and pesticides from the environment such as soil, air and water. The Cannabis plant is very good at phytoremediation by pulling out these various pollutants and trapping it inside the plant. This process is great for our environment, but care needs to be taken when concentrating this plant as a food source or supplement.
Sublingually – placed beneath or under the tongue. The area under the tongue is highly vascularized area and absorbs nutrients quickly into the body.
Terpenes – are hydrocarbons, and are the primary constituents of essential oils. They have been found to be the essential building blocks of complex plant hormones and molecules, sterols, pigments and even the building blocks of cannabinoids. Vitamin A is a form of a terpene. It is believed that terpenes found in cannabis might modulate the effect of cannabinoids in our bodies, enhancing them, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.
THC - Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive component that Marijuana is known for. THC one of over 113 known cannabinoids to date, with other variations such as THCv and THCa. THC concentrations are higher (no pun intended) on the Cannabis Indica strains, and much lower to near non-existent on the Cannabis Sativa strains. Hemp is legally defined in the United States as having no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight.
Trichomes - (trichōma meaning "hair") are fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae and lichens. They are of diverse structure and function. Examples are hairs, glandular hairs and scales.